1. A Comprehensive Economic Trade Agreement (CETA) was entered into between Canada on the one part and the European Union and its Member States, including Ireland, on the other, on the 30th October, 2016. The signing of CETA on behalf of Canada, the EU and each of its Member States represent both the conclusion of seven years of negotiation and the commencement of a process of ratification. The entry into force and provisional application of CETA is governed by Article 30.7 of CETA. Article 30.7.1 stipulates that the parties are to approve the agreement "in accordance with their respective internal requirements and procedures". Under Article 30.7.2, CETA will not enter into force until a prescribed date after the parties have exchanged "written notifications certifying that they have completed their respective internal requirements and procedures". From a European Union (EU) perspective, CETA must be ratified by each Member State in accordance with the constitutional requirements of that Member State as well as by the EU itself.