JUSTICE BARRETT delivered the opinion of the Court.
Congress has long allowed federal courts to assist foreign or international adjudicative bodies in evidence gathering. The current statute, 28 U. S. C. §1782, permits district courts to order testimony or the production of evidence "for use in a proceeding in a foreign or international tribunal." These consolidated cases require us to decide whether private adjudicatory bodies count as "foreign or international tribunals." They do not. The statute reaches only governmental or intergovernmental adjudicative bodies, and neither of the arbitral panels involved in these cases fits that bill.