... Despite indications that Ethiopia's tax assessment was flawed, the tribunal interpreted the BIT as significantly limiting the BIT's protections in relation to disputes regarding taxation. Among other things, this had the significant effect of precluding ICL Europe's claims that Ethiopia violated the requirement to accord fair and equitable treatment to ICL Europe's investments in Ethiopia. Consequently, the Tribunal rejected ICL Europe's claims and ordered ICL Europe to pay an amount of approximately $2.5 million as reimbursement of arbitration costs in accordance with the applicable arbitration rules. ...